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Today are two uniquely American Holidays that most Americans know nothing about. First, it is the 239th Birthday of the US Army. Unless you are watching Fox News, you probably would not know that. The second, and I hope all children know this, is Flag Day. It is the day we display and honor the American Flag. It is not coincidence these both fall on the same day, June 14. My flag is displayed proudly and will be until just before sunset when I will take it down according to Flag Etiquette. (Something else I learned in school I bet is not taught anymore) I found the following on the Army website that explains the US Army Birthday.

When the American Revolution broke out, the rebellious colonies did not possess an army in the modern sense. Rather, the revolutionaries fielded an amateur force of colonial troops, cobbled together from various New England militia companies. They had no unified chain of command, and although Artemas Ward of Massachusetts exercised authority by informal agreement, officers from other colonies were not obligated to obey his orders. The American volunteers were led, equipped, armed, paid for, and supported by the colonies from which they were raised.

In the spring of 1775, this “army” was about to confront British troops near Boston, Massachusetts. The revolutionaries had to re-organize their forces quickly if they were to stand a chance against Britain’s seasoned professionals. Recognizing the need to enlist the support of all of the American seaboard colonies, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress appealed to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to assume authority for the New England army. Reportedly, at John Adams’ request, Congress voted to “adopt” the Boston troops on June 14, although there is no written record of this decision. Also on this day, Congress resolved to form a committee “to bring in a draft of rules and regulations for the government of the Army,” and voted $2,000,000 to support the forces around Boston, and those at New York City. Moreover, Congress authorized the formation of ten companies of expert riflemen from Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, which were directed to march to Boston to support the New England militia.

George Washington received his appointment as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army the next day, and formally took command at Boston on July 3, 1775.

John R. Maass
Historian
US Army Center of Military History

Happy Birthday to the US Army!! My nephew will be going to active duty on July 1, 2014. He is joining the greatest military in the world at least at this moment in time. I applaud him and all members, past and present, of the US Army.

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